conclusion of sher shah administration

He advises his officers to be lenient to the peasants during the land revenue assessments. One of the greatest achievements of Sher Shah in administration was his construction of roads connecting important parts of his empire with his capital. A rain shadow area where poverty and illiteracy are prominent features of the locality. In order to dispense justice, he appoints Qazis in different places. 13. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only 15 years (1540-1555), it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin Khalji and made them more efficient. Sher Shah made many roads to encourage trade, to provide comfort and convenience to the travelers, to facilitate the movement of troops from one place to another and to carry on the administration systematically and properly. The tax was levied one at the frontier of the Kingdom and the other at the market place. He repaired many old roads and constructed new ones also. Sher Shah first introduced Rupya. During the rule of Sher Shah, peasants had also to pay jaribana (survey charge) and muhasilana (tax collection charge). The administration of Sher Shah was military in nature but on the same hand he undertook every possible step for the welfare of his subjects. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. Sher Shah also appointed a military officer known as Bakshi-e-Lashkar for his help in the military administration. He was not dependent on Ulemas. Munsif-i-Nunsifan was a judge and has the power to supervise Amins. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. He introduced copper coins which were called Dam, Half Dam and quarter Dam as per denomination. Of these roads four are very importantly, the Grand Trunk Road, which lays between Sunargoan in East Bengal and Attock in the north-west boundary of India, a … This Road was initially built by Sher Shah to connect Agra to Sasaram, that was his home town. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the land revenue system. However, the panchayat and the zamindar also deal with civil and criminal cases at the local level. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. He dealt very sternly with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue and disobey the orders of the government. His silver rupee (dam) was also well executed that it remained a standard coin for centuries even after his death. For the collection of revenue, he employs a large number of officials like Amins, Muqaddams, Shiqdars, Quanungos, and Patwaris. 2. There were several Bakshis in the empire to look after the army. Sher Shah Suri is also referred as Sher Khan or the Lion King administrator of medieval India. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah’s Administration. He issued a large number of silver coins and fixed a ratio between the copper and silver coins. Diwan-i-Ariz was responsible for the recruitment organization and discipline of the army. Though most of Sher Shah’s soldiers were Afghans or Pathans, Hindus also hold high positions in the army. Match the following: Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. There were four ministers and they were in charge of daily routine work of administration. He aimed at the betterment of administration and looked into the smaller details of administration. He introduced regular postal services. Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Sher Shah Suri set up a strong army. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Sher Shah's desire for a centralized administration is also reflected in his attempt to link the various parts of his empire by an efficient system of roads. Munsif-i-Nunsifan and Shiqdar-i-Shiqdarans were the two important officials of Sardars. In times of unforeseen calamities, advances were liberally made to the farmers. This is a matter of pride that Sher Shah chose Sasaram as its capital. Sher Shah was not orthodox towards the religion of the Indian sphere. In addition to the above departments, there also exits two other important departments. Sher Shah known as a good administrator because of following reasons: 1. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. The amount each peasant has to pay for their crop production was recorded in a paper called “Patta”. Among the foremost contribution of Sher Shah was his re-establishment of law and order to other empires. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost He issued five coins of gold, silver, and copper of uniform standard in place of the devalued coins of mixed metal. It is registered under 2(f) and 12 B of U.G.C. He even laid down rules and regulations for every branch of the administration. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. His original name was Farid. 12. Sher Shah established a sound system of administration in his brief reign of 5 years. (a) Humayun (b) Akbar (c) Babur (d) Aurangzeb 2 See answers Amrishaverma Amrishaverma Answer: The right answer is-c-Babur. Empire of Sher Shah Suri was divided into 47 sarkars. Todarmal, who later carried out most reforms under Akbar had gained considerable experience under former master Shershah Suri. History of the Indian Currency Notes and its Evolution. In fact, his qualities as a ruler were more remarkable than his conquests. He created no new ministry and his administrative divisions and sub-divisions were borrowed from the past, and so also the titles of his officer. Besides, he himself recruited the soldiers and fixed their salaries after personal inspections. Sher Shah Suri (1486 - 1545) (pachto : شير شاہ سوري, Šer Šāh Sūrī), de son vrai nom Fahrid Khan aussi dénommé Sher Khan, est un chef afghan, fils de Hasan Khan, chef de clan. Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. Munshife-i-munshifan: supervise the revenue collection. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. The rates of these charges were 2.5 per cent and 5 per cent respectively. He regarded administration as part of his duty and attended every business of the state personally, but he also paid proper attention to the sentiments of his co-religionists. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for civil government. He had to supervise the Shiqdars (Military officers of Parganas). Islam Shah constructed Sarais on every second mile and arranged for free distribution of food in each of them. (Sonargaon is now in Bagladesh). 15. His original name was Farid. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. He was the man who experiment the public welfare administrative system in India for the first time. Sher Shah was also a patronized and learned man. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. Question 3. On these coins, he used both Hindus and Persians characters. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Akbar took great advantage of the measures adopted by Sher Shah in the administration of the army, justice, revenue, public services and control of nobility. He planted shade- giving trees and trees of fruits on both sides of the roads. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and Sher Shah’s administration was not only autocratic but also enlightened and vigorous. His other roads ran from Chittor to Agra, Agra to Mandu and Lahore to Multan. He divided the Empire into Sarkars (Districts, 47 in number). His ministers enjoyed even less powers as compared with the ministers of the Mughals. As there were many emperor ruled in India but the systematization of society in new form is an extraordinary example set by Sher Shah Suri. Today, group of educationists & learned people discussing new approaches, theories and implementing new projects/plans for the establishment of welfare administrative system … “History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material. He also set up outposts in different parts of the empire with a strong garrison. Sher Shah also introduced various other reforms. Sher Shah returned the conquered territories of the Rajput rulers after their submission. Sher Shah pays special attention to the land revenue system, the army and the justice with the help of a capable team. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. Explain the characteristics of the Sher-Shah administration. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. His was an enlightened despotism. He infused a new spirit in the old institutions and improved it. Sher Shah divided his empire into provinces (sarkars). 5. According to the demands of the medieval age, no doubt, Sher Shah was an autocrat but he practiced benevolent despotism and always looked after the welfare of his people. In the Parganas the civil suits were disposed of by the Amin and other criminal cases were disposed of by the Qazi and the Mir-i-Adal. He introduced a system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage (Silver coin) which was called 'Rupia'.Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. His attempts to fix standard weights and measures all over the empire greatly improved trade. His main care was the military organization for the safety of the Kingdom against invasion or internal disorder. In order to provide relief to the empire during famines and other natural calamities, an additional tax of two and a half percent was levied. Akbar pursued this policy in a broader perspective. Sher Shah’s contribution was to stabilize and further consolidate the boundaries and structure of the shiqs or sarkars which remained the real unit of administration even under the Mughals. The second duty was paid at the time of the sale of goods. Munsif:  look after judicial matters. 3. A major road running across the Gangetic plain was built by Sher Shah for administrative and military reasons.This “Sadak-i-Azam” was the precursor of the Grand Trunk Rood. He did not listen to the advice of the Ulema. • 2) For the general welfare of the people, Sher Shah built many roads. Market and towns are developed near these sarais and gave impetus to trade. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. 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